Long ago, before the United States of America was founded, England put a tax on almost everything for the colonists, which naturally made them very angry. Then the English started to regret making all those taxes, so they removed it from everything but the tea. They kept the tea under tax to show that they still had authority over the colonists. The colonists were angry that they were being taxed for the tea, and wanted a say in the government. They thought they were being treated like slaves.
A ship full of tea approached the harbour, and the colonists agreed that the tea shouldn't reach land. Colonists dressed as Indians leaped aboard the ship with their weapons and tossed all 342 chests of tea into the ocean. This happened on the date the 16th of December 1773.
The colonists were still dressed as Native Americans as they walked passed the house that Admiral Montague was staying at for the night. Montague demanded the colonists pay the taxes for the lost tea crates. The colonists told him to come out and they would give him payment for the taxes. But he made a wise decision and decided to let them not pay for the lost chests. The Boston Tea Party was a grand leap in the colonists becoming independent.